Colorado River flows through the northwestern Mexico and southwestern United States. It is 2330 km in length, and it reaches the Rocky Mountains in the US, the lake in northern Colorado and the Gulf of California in the territory of Mexico. Colorado river passes through 7 American states and 2 Mexican.
Colorado River has total 629 100 square kilometers catchment area. The river has formed one of the most unique landscapes in the world – the Grand Canyon. It is one of the natural emblems of the United States and extends about 350 km.
The Colorado River is the only one that has wedged so deep within the layers. Thus was formed the canyon of the Colorado River, which is a uniquely beautiful natural area. This is a deep and narrow river valley that can be called one of the natural wonders of the world. The panorama here is more magnificent.
Furthermore the area of Colorado River is rich and this makes it attractive to scholars and scientists who study the history of the Earth. The Grand Canyon is actual encyclopedia of the geomorphological development of the crust and earth life, because it is a deep cut of the earth’s crust.
Earth layers have a certain characters and are located in a horizontal row and analyzing them the scientists can determine the time of their formation. And conclusion of the life on Earth in past eras and epochs can made by the remnants of fossils and their composition. There is a Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center just for the reason that the area is suitable for analyzing. There have been ongoing research and observations on the disruptive force of the water on the Earth’s layers and the history of our planet.
The area of the Grand Canyon on the Colorado River for centuries been inhabited by Indians. They are the indigenous inhabitants today. Even today this unique inherently area is one of the most visited places in the United States. Each year, approximately 1 million tourists from around the world visit the canyon.